Turbinoplasty is performed to surgically reduce the size of enlarged turbinates. Turbinates are curved, bony ridges located on each side of the nasal cavity. They are lined with mucous membranes and are responsible for moisturizing and warming the air that flows through the nasal cavity. Enlarged turbinates can cause blockage of airway passages and prevent the sinus from draining properly.
The first line of treatment for enlarged turbinates is steroid nasal spray, such as Flonase. If there continues to be persistent nasal obstruction, surgery may be an alternative option. Turbinoplasty is performed under general anesthesia. Tiny incisions are made inside the nose. Excess bone is removed. Excess mucous membranes may also need to be removed. Adequate bone and mucous membranes will be left so that the turbinates can continue to perform their necessary functions.